Building Facade Lighting Guide

What is a Building Facade?

Before embarking on LED lighting projects to illuminate building facades, knowing what a building façade is, is key. A building facade is like the face of a building. It is the exterior side that faces the street or public space. Facades include the front elevation and all its components such as doors, windows, walls, and architecture. Think of it as a building’s first impression; it often reflects the style, character, and identity of the structure. Façades can be simple or intricate, modern or classical, and they play a significant role in defining the overall aesthetic of a building.


Consider the Following for Building Facade Lighting Projects

When lighting facades, the aesthetics in the architecture help transform a building’s façade from a mere structure to a captivating work of art. As technology advances, LED luminaires have emerged as the frontrunners in the world of facade illumination, offering unparalleled versatility, energy efficiency, and creative possibilities. In building facade lighting, these tiny diodes pack a punch, providing a canvas of possibilities for architects and lighting designers.


Understanding Architectural Elements of Buildings Ahead of The Façade Lighting Project

Before the commencement of the building facade lighting project, it’s crucial to understand the architectural elements that make your building

Building Facade Lighting with LED Up Down Wall Packs

Building Facade Lighting – HAMA LED Up Down Wall Packs

unique. Identify key features, textures, and lines that deserve to be accentuated. This is where accent lighting comes into play by using one or more fixtures to highlight an object or objects on the structure being lit. Access Fixtures’ LED lights for facade lighting, with their directional capabilities, offer the precision needed to highlight these details.

Choosing the Right Color Temperature LED Light for The Building Facade Lighting Project

Color temperature sets the mood and ambiance of your building facade. Warm temperatures or light colors (e.g., 2700K) create a cozy, inviting atmosphere, while cooler temperatures (e.g., 5000K) offer a more modern and vibrant look.

Directional LED Lighting Enhances the Architecture of Facades

LED lights are masters of direction. Uplights, downlights, and spotlights can be strategically positioned to cast shadows, create depth, and emphasize architectural nuances. The play of light and shadow adds a dynamic dimension to your building’s exterior.

Building Façade Dynamic Displays with Smart Controls for LED Luminaires

Take your facade lighting to the next level with smart controls. LED lights integrated with intelligent systems allow for dynamic displays, color changes, and programmable scenes. Whether it’s a subtle transition between warm tones or a vibrant light show for a special event, smart controls provide endless possibilities.

Embracing Uniformity with Facade Lights

Even illumination is key to a visually striking facade. Ensure that the LED luminaires are distributed evenly, avoiding dark spots and inconsistencies. This uniformity not only enhances the aesthetics but also contributes to a polished and professional look.

Industry Compliance and Regulations for Illuminating Facades

Before embarking on your façade lighting journey, familiarize yourself with local regulations and guidelines. Compliance ensures a seamless installation process and prevents any potential legal hiccups. Footcandles, which are a measurement of light intensity, are a major factor that should be considered when lighting the façades of buildings. General building facade illumination requires 5 to 10 footcandles. To accentuate particular architectural elements, achieving the desired emphasis necessitates illumination ranging from 10 to 30 footcandles. Illuminating entrance zones, on the other hand, require 10 to 20 footcandles for a welcoming and well-lit entrance. Plazas or gathering plazas are lit based on the amount of activity. That is, in low-activity spaces, the recommendation is 5 to 10 footcandles, whereas, in high-activity spaces, the requirement is 10 to 20 footcandles. Special effects or artistic lighting, for emphasis and drama, requires to be lit at 30+ foot candles.

Keep in mind that the above-mentioned may vary based on your local ordinances.

Download Building Facade Lighting Standards Here

Building Facade Lighting with Up-Down LED Lights

Using up-down LED lights to illuminate a building facade can create a visually striking and dynamic effect. Up-down lights, also known as sconces, project light both upward and downward. This type of lighting technique is often employed to highlight architectural features, add depth to the facade, and create a dramatic play of light and shadow.

Highlighting Architectural Features with LED Building Facade Luminaires

Upward lighting’s application can emphasize specific elements such as columns, textures, or decorative details, while downward lighting can illuminate the lower portions of the facade, providing a balanced and aesthetically pleasing look. LED lights are particularly advantageous for this purpose due to their energy efficiency, longevity, and versatility in creating various lighting effects.


As lighting specialists, we recognize the transformative power of LED technology in illuminating building facades. By integrating innovative techniques such as grazing light, accent lighting, directional illumination, and smart controls, we can enhance a simple structure into an architectural masterpiece. With meticulous design, planning, and attention to detail, our LED lighting solutions not only enhance the aesthetic appeal of facades but also contribute to energy efficiency and sustainability. It is essential to carefully plan the placement and intensity of the lights to achieve the desired visual impact while avoiding glare or harsh shadows. LED light fixtures that Access Fixtures’ lighting specialists find suitable for facades are equipped with various light distributions. This feature must be carefully selected to achieve the desired lighting design and meet local regulations.